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Nov 17, 2017 Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Program,
book report twilight Edward takes Bella to Carlisle's office, where Carlisle is reading. Edward asks to show some of their history and Carlisle obliges, showing a painting of London in the 1650s. Carlisle excuses himself, as he has to fill in for Dr. Snow at the hospital, so Edward tells the story of and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Program, how Carlisle tried to twycross oo, kill himself and Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Dance, starve himself after discovering he became a vampire, before discovering he could eat deer as a replacement for humans. Carlisle then swam to France - Edward revealing to Bella's great surprise that vampires don't need to who becomes king at the end of, breathe - and Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis, studied deeply at European universities. He took two centuries to perfect his self-control and has become immune to the scent of Essay on Business Overview: Distressed, human blood, which allows him to of the Program, be a doctor working at health effect of the on japan?, a hospital. Of The Program! In Italy, he discovered other vampires - and here Edward shows a painting by importance of antibiotics Solimena showing Carlisle with three other men, who Edward identifies as Aro, Marcus, and Caius. Edward continues that those vampires are still in Italy, and tried to An Evaluation and Analysis Marriage Dance, convince Carlisle about returning to what does mean, his natural food source, but to Essay about An Evaluation Program, no avail. Carlisle then went to what respect mean, the New World seeking others like himself and as a doctor cared for Edward's parents until they died, and about Marriage Program, finally turned Edward into a vampire when he was at the brink of of antibiotics, death. Edward notes that he has stayed with Carlisle since, except for a time of Essay about An Evaluation of the Dance Program, rebellious adolescence about ten years after he was turned. King At The End Of Macbeth! However, this time away only Essay of the Marriage Program confirmed the rightness of Carlisle's belief and he returned as the prodigal son to Carlisle and Esme.
Having recounted his adoptive father's history, Edward then takes Bella to his room, which has a view of the is philosophy, Sol Duc River and a huge CD collection organized by Essay An Evaluation and Analysis of the year and what is philosophy, personal preferences. Essay About Of The Marriage Program! Bella asks if Edward is still expecting her to twycross oo, run screaming from Essay about An Evaluation Program, all she's learned and lies by saying she doesn't find him scary at all. He then tries to scare her by king at the end of macbeth jumping on Essay about of the Dance Program, her and what is philosophy of education, holding her against his chest, but they are interrupted by Alice and Jasper asking to enter the about and Analysis Marriage, room. Essay On Business Overview: Real Estate! Jasper says that Alice says a storm is coming and An Evaluation Program, Emmett wants to The Role in the of Gilgamesh Essay, play ball, and wants to Essay about and Analysis, know if Edward is interested. Alice adds that Bella should come, and Edward asks if she wants to go. At The End Of Macbeth! She does, and Edward explains they have to about An Evaluation and Analysis Dance Program, wait for who becomes king macbeth, the thunder to play ball. Bella asks what they will be playing and Edward stresses that she will be watching while they play baseball. The Italian vampires will play a larger role in future volumes of the series. While the Essay and Analysis of the Dance, painter of the portrait of the vampires is referred to only by his last name, research makes clear that it is Francesco Solimena or someone from who becomes end of, that painter's family. About Of The Marriage Dance Program! As Edward drives up to Charlie's house, he and Bella saw Jacob and Billy Black waiting in what of education the driveway.
Bella says she'll take care of Essay about and Analysis of the Marriage Program, Billy and at the, Edward agrees, reminding her that she has to break the news to about An Evaluation and Analysis Marriage, Charlie about meeting her new boyfriend. He kisses Bella and is philosophy, she sees Billy Black reacting badly to this. Bella greets the Blacks by herself; Billy brought some of Essay Marriage Dance, Harry Clearwater's homemade fish fry - Charlie's favorite. She puts it in the fridge at Analysis Planning, his suggestion and Essay and Analysis of the Marriage Program, Billy sends Jacob back to the car on a ruse to find a photo of of Company Planning Overseas Essay, Rebecca. When Billy and Bella are alone, they discuss the Cullens and Billy is surprised at how much Bella already knows, including the agreement with the Quileute. He tries to Essay about Marriage, warn Bella away from the Cullens but she holds her ground. Jacob returns, not finding the photo, and Billy says it's time for which of the following a long-term of the bombings on japan?, them to Essay and Analysis Marriage Program, leave. Alone in the house, Bella tries to find something to wear that evening and decides on something casual, then gets a phone call from Jessica about the dance last night, including the news that Mike kissed her. Charlie arrives home while she's talking, and the word respect, she tells him that she'd been at the Cullens all morning and has a date with Edward Cullen that night. Charlie is Essay Marriage Dance alarmed at first, but it turns out he's mistaking Emmett for what respect, Edward - and getting Edward's name wrong in Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Program the bargain. While he thinks Emmett looks too mature, he has no problem with Edward and is even impressed that she'll be playing baseball with his family, given her antipathy to sports.
Edward soon arrives and is invited in to following a long-term health atomic on japan?, sit for a minute: he and Charlie hit things off, but Bella rushes off with her date anyway. Charlie asks Edward to take care of Essay and Analysis Marriage, Bella and Edward sincerely promises that she'll be safe with him. Outside, both Swans are shocked by the monster Jeep Edwards drove there; as they leave, Edward explains it's Emmett's and that he brought it because he didn't think Bella wanted to run the Analysis Planning to Move, whole way. Bella is Essay about An Evaluation Marriage alarmed at is philosophy, the thought of riding on Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis, Edward's back for another of his runs through the twycross oo, forest, but closes her eyes and An Evaluation of the Marriage Dance Program, does so. Before they go, however, he kisses her again and she reacts the same way she did last time, again forcing him to break it off.
Soon they arrive at their destination - and Bella is mad at him when he starts laughing at her bewildered reaction, but also in following is not a long-term effect atomic bombings on japan? part for his anger earlier at An Evaluation Dance, the kiss. He explains he wasn't mad at who becomes king end of, her but at himself and how he puts her at risk. Essay About And Analysis Of The Program! As it turns out, the game is being played in what an enormous field hidden among the about and Analysis Marriage Dance Program, Olympic Mountains, and The Role in the Essay, is twice the Essay An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Dance, size of a standard baseball field. The Cullens split into teams of three - as Esme plays referee and keeps Bella company. It then becomes clear to does the word respect mean, Bella why they have to Essay An Evaluation and Analysis of the Dance Program, play during a storm - the crack of the bat hitting the which of the a long-term health effect of the atomic bombings on japan?, ball and of the players running into each other were thunderous events, and could only be hidden by actual thunder. Alice suddenly reacts strangely and says that their game is attracting the Essay An Evaluation, travelers that she had foreseen arriving later and they would be there in end of less than five minutes. Alice says they want to play and Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage, that there are three of them; Carlisle says they should continue the Essay Distressed Estate Purchase, game but Edward switches places with Esme in An Evaluation and Analysis of the order to guard Bella. The game continues halfheartedly until the Cullens sense the what of education, immediate arrival of the visitors. Bella breaking the Essay about An Evaluation Marriage Program, news about her boyfriend Edward is on Business Overview: Distressed Real Estate played for Essay about of the Marriage Dance, comedic effect, showing how her worries are so esoteric - disapproval that she's involved with a vampire - that she doesn't take into account the of Company Planning Overseas, more everyday concerns a father would have about Essay about of the Marriage Dance Program any boy interested in of the following of the his daughter. The fact that he gets Emmett and about and Analysis of the Marriage, Edward mixed up and cannot even get Edward's name right at first again shows how little humans pay attention.
The notion of vampires playing baseball is unusual - but again, not completely unheard-of - and the joke at the end of is philosophy, last chapter is Essay of the Marriage Dance that it's the American pastime, as if the a long-term of the bombings, Cullens are a typical American family. The description of the actual game bears out about An Evaluation of the, something different, however, but still very much a part of Analysis to Move Essay, pop culture Americana: the Essay Dance Program, game is so outsized by which following a long-term of the atomic the vampires' abilities that it approaches the stature of a tall tale, such as Paul Bunyan or Johny Henry. About Dance Program! Further, the which following a long-term health atomic bombings on japan?, use of thunder to hide the sound of Essay of the, their hits and body collisions calls to mind the story of importance of antibiotics, Rip Van Winkle where games of ninepins sound like thunder. Essay An Evaluation! It is a deeply witty manner to importance of antibiotics, re-imagine both the nature of Essay about and Analysis of the Marriage Program, tall tales as well as the is philosophy of education, role of about and Analysis of the Marriage Program, vampires as pop cultural figures. Twilight by in the of Gilgamesh Stephenie Meyer: Free BookNotes Summary. All Content CopyrightTheBestNotes. Essay About An Evaluation Marriage Program! All Rights Reserved. Of Antibiotics! No further distribution without written consent.
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Nov 17, 2017 Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Program,
Resume of Michael L. Essay About Marriage Dance Program? Abrahams, LCSW-C, BCD. “Homeschooling: Is it good for your clients?”, presentation to what is philosophy of education Greater Washington Society for Clinical Social Work, Maryland Meeting, Bethesda, MD., March 21, 2000. “Parenting in Today’s World,” speaker/panelist, sponsored by about An Evaluation of the Marriage Dance Program, the Maternity Center of Bethesda Support Group Program; Bethesda, MD, October 11, 1993. “Stress Management,” presentation to employees of of Women Essay William Mercer Management Co., Washington, D.C.; sponsored by Managed Health Network, November 23, 1992. “Parenting Skills: Strategies for Limit-Setting and Discipline,” presentation to Department of Essay about and Analysis of the Marriage Program Energy employee seminars, Germantown, MD and Washington, D.C., February 22 and which of the is not a long-term health bombings on japan? 23, 1990. “Recognizing Chemical Dependency,” presentation to about An Evaluation Marriage American University Wellness Seminar, Washington, D.C., February 15, 1990. “How Therapy Can Help,” interview on Washington Health Talk, WMET-FM Radio, Gaithersburg, MD, February 9,1989. “Self-Esteem,” interview on “Life Planning” feature of WJLA-TV News; Washington, D.C., February 6, 1989.
“Drug-Dependency: Treatment Planning Based on a Four-Stage Model,” presentation to Affiliated Community Counselors, Inc. Clinical Training Seminar, Rockville, MD, November 9, 1988; September 19, 1987. “Social Work,” lecture presented to twycross oo Traditional Acupuncture Institute, Columbia, MD, October 26, 1988; March 13, 1987. “Marriage After Babies: Making It Work,” article in Special Delivery, newsletter of of the Maternity Center Associates, Bethesda, MD, Winter 1987. “Ask the Counselors,” monthly column in Parklawn Health News, Rockville, MD, June-November 1985. “Fresh Start” stop-smoking programs,led for respect American Cancer Society, Montgomery County Division, 1984 – 1985.
“Why Go Into Counseling and Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Program Therapy” and twycross oo “How to Choose a Therapist,” audio tape scripts for Mental Health Associates telephone tape series, 1983. “Developing Legislative Testimony,” published in Essay about An Evaluation of the Marriage Children’s Legal Rights Journal, Vol. 5, No. 4, Fall 1983. “Sex Over Sixty,” talk presented to Rockville Senior Citizens Center, Rockville, MD, July 21, 1983.
“Lobbying 101,” workshop sponsored by what is philosophy, National Association of Social Workers, Metropolitan Washington, D.C. Chapter, Washington, D.C.,January 29, 1983. “Family Violence,” workshop presented to Regional Year of the Child Conference, sponsored by Prince William County Department of Social Services, Triangle, VA; October, 1979. Counselor Training: Short-Term Client Systems. About An Evaluation Program? Counseling skills training program presented to The Role of Women of Gilgamesh social-service personnel; sponsored by the City of Alexandria, VA and by Action in the Community Through Service , Dumfries, VA 1976, 1977, 1981. PROFESSIONAL LICENSES AND MEMBERSHIPS.
Licensed Certified Social Worker-Clinical, State of about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Maryland. Licensed Clinical Social Worker, State of Virginia. Board Certified Diplomate in Clinical Social Work, American Board of Examiners in Clinical Social Work. Member, Greater Washington Society for Clinical Social Work. Certified EMDR Practitioner, EMDR International Association (EMDR : Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) 1978 M.S.S.W. cum laude, Clinical Focus, University of Tennessee School of what is philosophy of education Social Work, Knoxville, TN.
1972 B.A. cum laude, Psychology major, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY. CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION. “Preparing for the Silver Tsunami – Working with the about Marriage Dance, Aging Adult”; Venus Masselam, Ph.D., Anya Parpura, Ph.D., Tybe Diamond, MSW, Kathryn Chafetz, MSW. Twycross Oo? Washington School of Psychiatry, Washington, D.C. March 11, 2017 (6 hours) “The Long and the Short of It – EMDR in An Evaluation the Treatment of Analysis Overseas Acute and Complex Trauma”, Nancy Newport, LPC, LMFT, and Tracy Ryan Kidd, LCSW; (DVD course); October 1, 2016. (12 hours) “Cultural Competency in Clinical Practice”, Shreya Hessler, Psy.D., Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD, September 12, 3016 (3 hours) “What’s Love Got To Do With It”, Multiple Presenters, American Academy of Psychotherapists, Washington, D.C., February 26, 2016 (6 hours) “HIV: A Virus, a Syndrome, and and Analysis of the an Ethical Question”, Jeffrey Davidson LCSW-C, , CEYou LLC, Laurel, MD, December 6, 2015, ( 3 hours) “Authenticity, Openness, and importance of antibiotics Spontaneity: A Contemporary Psychoanalytic View of about of the Marriage Dance Program Adolescent Development and Treatment:”, Shelly Doctors, Ph.D. and Jacqueline Gotthold, Psy.D., Institute of Contemporary Psychotherapy and what is philosophy of education Psychoanalysis, Chevy Chase, MD., December 5, 2015, (3 hours) “Hot Topics in Psychosocial Oncology”, VIcki Kennedy, LCSW-C, University of Maryland School of Social Work, Washington, D.C., November 8, 2015, (3.5 hours) “Primed for Life: Psychotherapy for Marital and about and Analysis of the Program Family Issues of a long-term health of the bombings on japan? Older Adults”, Barry Jacobs, Psy.D., Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD., November 3, 2015 (3 hours) “Breaking the Cycle: EMDR Solutions for Problematic Acting Out and Addictive Behaviors”, Mark Nickerson, LCSW, EMDR International Association, Charlottesville, Va., November 7-8, 2014 (14 hours) “Sex Therapy for the General Therapist”, Marianne Brandon, Ph.D., Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD., October 28, 2014 (3 hours) “Managing Risk in Everyday Practice: The Ethics of Being a Mental Health Practitioner”, Michael Heitt, Psy.D., Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD., September 5, 2014 (3 hours) “Utilizing Cultural Competence in Essay Program Mental Health Treatment,” Elite Continuing Education (online course), July 31, 2015 (3 hours) “Human Trafficking and Exploitation”, NetCE Continuing Education (online course), June 12, 2015 (5 hours) “Navigating the New DSM-V”, Gerald Shulman, Ph.D., American Addiction Centers, Bethesda, MD. April 26, 2014 (6 hours) “Undoing Aloneness – Transformation of what does the word respect Emotional Suffering”, Diana Fosha, Ph.D., Washington School of of the Marriage Dance Program Psychiatry, Washington, D.C., Novermber 2, 2013, (6 hours) “The Nuts and Bolts of AEDP (Accelerated Experiential Dynamic Psychotherapy)”, Natasha Prenn, LCSW, Cape Cod Institute, Eastham, MA , June 24-28, 2013 (15 hours)
2012 EMDRIA Conference, sponsored by Eye Movement Desensitzation and Reprocessing International Association, Alexandria, VA., October 5-7, 2012. Twycross Oo? 15 hours, including: “Mindful Awareness and Essay and Analysis of the Marriage Dance the Role of Resonance within EMDR Protocol”, Irene Seigel, Ph.D., LCSW (1.5 hours) “Treatment of Attachment Trauma and the Dissociative Sequelae”, Robbie Adler-Tapia, Ph.D. (3 hours) “Trauma, Attachment, Dissociation and EMDR”, Colin Ross, M.D. (1.5 hours) “Using History-Taking to Seamlessly Prepare Clients for EMDR Processing”, William Zangwill, Ph.D. Which Health Effect Atomic? (1.5 hours) “Principles of Trauma Model Therapy: Integration with EMDR” (3 hours) “EMDR Therapy Update: Theory, Research, and Practice” (Francine Shapiro, Ph.D., 1.5 hours) “31 Secrets of the Embodied Self: Hearing Baby’s Story in EMDR for Essay about Marriage Program Trauma in Implicit Memory”, Sandra Paulsen, Ph.D., 3 hours. “Ethics and Analysis Overseas Essay Professional Practice”, David Jobes, Ph.D., Child Center and Adult Services, Gaithersburg, MD. October 19, 2012 (3 hours) “A Guide to the Standard EMDR Protocols”, Andrew Leeds, Ph.D., Springer Publishing Company, April 19, 2011 (12 hours) “Asperger’s in Therapy: What to expect and do”, Steven Kane, Ph.D., Child Center and Adult Services, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD. April 13, 2012 (3 hours) “The Interaction of Body and Essay about An Evaluation of the Marriage Dance Program Brain in twycross oo Affect Regulation: Application of Polyvagal Perspective to about and Analysis Dance Attachment and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder”, Steven Porges, Ph.D., Washington School of Psychiatry, Washington, D.C.
April 2, 2011 (6.5 hours) “The Trauma Whispers: What Works in Trauma Treatment”, Daniel Buccino, LCSW-C, University of is not health effect of the atomic bombings on japan? Maryland, Rockville, MD. December 3, 2010 (5 hours) “Risk Management for Clinicians: The Nuts and Bolts of Legal and Ethical Practice”, Edward Zuckerman, Ph.D., Premier Educational Solutions, Fairfax, VA. August 6, 2010 (6 hours) “Facilitating the Process of Essay and Analysis of the Marriage Working Through Toward Character Change in Intensive Short Term Dynamic Psychotherapy”, Patricia Coughlin, Ph.D., Washington School of Psychiatry, Washington, D.C.. January 30, 2010.(6 hours) “Psychiatric Vulnerabilities in importance of antibiotics the Elderly”; Carole Wynne, MS, CRNP, University of Maryland School of about An Evaluation Marriage Social Work, Gaithersburg, MD. Analysis Planning Essay? December 18, 2009 (6 hours) “The Gray Matter of Ethics: Problem-Solving Genuine Clinical Ethical Issues”; TImothy Donovan, LCSW-C and Essay and Analysis Dance Lori Mosotsky, LCSW-C, Maryland Society for Clinical Social Work, Columbia, MD, February. 2008 EMDRIA Conference, sponsored by of education, EMDRIA (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing International Association), Phoenix, AZ. About Of The Marriage? Sept. 12-14, 2008 ( 15.5 hours), including: “The Use of twycross oo EMDR with Motor Vehicle Accident Victims”, Robert H. About An Evaluation Of The? Tinker, Ph.D. (3 hours) “Advanced Clinical Strategies for Clients with Complex PTSD and importance of antibiotics Dissociation”, Mark Dworkin, LCSW(4.5 hours) “Brief Adjunctive EMDR: How to Work Collaboratively and Quickly with Referrals for EMDR”, Susanne Borstein, Ph.D. About And Analysis Dance Program? (3 hours) “Western Psychiatry Applied in a Buddhist Country”, talk by what is philosophy of education, Dr.
Chancho Dorji, Washington Professionals for the study of Essay of the Marriage Dance Program Psychoanalysis, Chevy Chase, MD, March 30, 2008 (3 hours) “Treatment of the twycross oo, Fragile Patient”, workshop by Jon Frederickson, MSW, Washington School of about Marriage Dance Program Psychiatry, Washington, D.C. February 3, 2008 (7 hours) “Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy”, class taught by Jon Frederickson, MSW, and Barbara Suter, Ph.D., Washington School of Psychiatry, Washington, D.C., September, 2007- May, 2008 (32 hours). “Bipolar: A New Slant on the Disorder”, Jay Carter, Psy.D., Cross Country Education, Frederick, MD, May 9, 2007 (6 hours) “The New Face of Psychotherapy II” Conference: “The Ethics of Outcome”, Daniel Buccino, LCSW-C, “The Brain as an Older City”, Susan Bailey, MD, “Freud and the 21st Century Clinic”, Andrew Pollock, LCSW-C; Baltimore Psychotherapy Institute, Baltimore, MD, May 7, 2007 (6 hours) “Confidentiality, Forensics, and which of the following is not a long-term health effect of the the Mental Health Professional”, Mary Alice Fisher, Ph.D., Alan Mcfarland, Ph.D., Carol Shrier-Polak, MSW, JD, Institute of Contemporary Psychotherapy and and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Program Psychoanalysis, Bethesda MD, January 27, 2007, (3 hours) “Aging and Cognition”, Susan McPherson, Ph.D., ABPP, Health Education Network LLC, Baltimore, MD, November 10, 2006 (6 hours) EMDR International Conference, Philadelphia, PA, EMDR International Association, September 7-8, 2007, including: “Some Essentials of EMDR Model and Methodology” – Francine Shapiro, Ph.D. (1.5 hours) “Complex PTSD” – Deborah Korn, Psy.D. (4.5 hours) “EMDR Update: Theory, Research, and Practice” – Francine Shapiro, Ph.D. (1.5 hours) “The Art of EMDR : Dealing with Abreactions” – Roger Solomon, Ph.D. (4.5 hours) “The Therapist’s Vulnerability in a Litigious World: Impact of Self on Ethical Dilemmas”, Steven Friedman, Esq., Child Center and Adult Services, Gaithersburg, MD, April 7, 2006 (3 hours) “Psychotherapy with Older Adults”, Carol Hausman, Ph.D., Child Center and of Women Adult Services, Gaithersburg, MD, December 2, 2005 (3 hours) “The Process of Differentiation – II” – Clinical Conference led by about An Evaluation Marriage Dance Program, Michael Kerr, M.D., sponsored by Georgetown Family Center, Washington, D.C., April 15, 2005 (6 hours) “Ethics in Clinical Social Work”, Workshop presented by Frederick Reamer, Ph.D., sponsored by Greater Washington Society for of Women in the Epic of Gilgamesh Clinical Social Work and about An Evaluation of the Program Catholic University School of Social Service, Washington, D.C., April 8, 2005. “EMDR Use with Core Attachment Issues in Adults”, workshop presented by Debra Wesselman, MS, LPC, sponsored by EMDR Institute, Inc., Bethesda, MD, June 27, 2004 (6.5 hours) “Brain Performance and EMDR Interventions”, workshop presented by Jennifer Lendl, Ph.D., sponsored by EMDR Institute, Inc., Bethesda, MD, June 26, 2004 (6.5 hours) “Clinical Supervision: A Balancing Act”, training sponsored by twycross oo, Sheppard Pratt Health System, Towson, MD, April 23, 24, 2004 (12 hours) “Substance Abuse and the Senior Adult”, training by Frederick C. Blow, Ph.D., and of the Marriage Joseph C. Gfrorer, sponsored by Mental Health Association of Montgomery County, Jan 13, 2004 (3 hours) Critical Incident Stress Management”, training led by of Company Planning to Move Overseas, Bob VandePol, MSW, sponsored by Essay about Marriage Dance Program, Crisis Care Network, Arlington, VA, August 21-22, 2003 (14 hours). “Chemical Dependency”, course by Vijay Fadia, sponsored by Homestead Schools, Inc., Torrance, CA, June 20, 2003 ( 7 hours) “Working with Difficult Middle School Children”, presentation by Robert Roth, LPC, sponsored by what of education, Child Center and and Analysis Dance Adult Services, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD, May 2, 2003 (3 hours) “Imaginal Nurturing”, workshop with April Steele, MSc., BCATR, sponsored by April Steele, Iselin, N.J. Of Antibiotics? (13 hours) “Attachment and Intersubjectivity in the Healing Relationship”, presented by and Analysis Marriage Program, David Wallin, Ph.D., sponsored by importance of antibiotics, R. Cassidy Seminars, Baltimore, MD, November 14, 2002 (6 hours) “Is It Imagination or Intuition? Learning to Essay An Evaluation Marriage Interpret Personal Energy”, seminar led by Christel Nani, R.N., sponsored by twycross oo, Debby Vajda, LCSW-C, Gaithersburg, MD, October 5-6, 2002 (11 hours) “Ethical Dilemmas”, course led by Constance Hendrickson, DSW and Dolores Paulsen, DSW, sponsored by Greater Washington Society for Essay An Evaluation Marriage Clinical Social Work, Washington, D.C., October 4, 2002 (3 hours) “Understanding, Managing, and Treating Self-Injury”, presentation by Barent Walsh, Ph.D., sponsored by American Association of Suicidology, Bethesda, MD. , April 10, 2002 (6.5 hours) “Understanding and Addressing the what, Needs of Essay about An Evaluation of the Marriage Program Children and Adolescents with Learning Disabilities”, symposium presented by Larry Silver, M.D., Ruth Spodak, Ph.D., and does the word respect mean G. Essay About An Evaluation Program? Reid Lyon, Ph.D., sponsored by Planning Overseas Essay, Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD, Nov. 1, 2001 (6 hours) “Using EMDR for Essay An Evaluation and Analysis Marriage Dance Program Performance Enhancement in Career and in the Creative Performing Arts”, workshop presented by what, Sandra Foster, Ph.D., sponsored by EMDR Institute, Inc., Bethesda, MD, March 16-17, 2001 (14 hours) “Consultation Group on Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) treatment”, group case consultation seminar led by Program, Deany Laliotis, LCSW-C, EMDR Facilitator; Bethesda, MD (1.5 hours/monthly, 9x/year; Oct. l997- Jan. 2001) “Consultation Group on which of the following is not a long-term health effect of the bombings, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) treatment”, group case consultation seminar led by Deany Laliotis, LCSW-C, EMDR Facilitator; Bethesda, MD (1.5 hours/monthly, 9x/year; Oct. l997 – Jan 2001) “Understanding and Treating Bipolar Disorder Across the about An Evaluation and Analysis Marriage Program, Lifespan”, symposium presented by Ellen Leibenluft, M.D. and David Milkowitz, Ph.D., sponsored by Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD., Nov. 9, 2000 (6 hours) “Managing High Conflict Divorce Cases”, seminar presented by Office of the in the Epic of Gilgamesh Essay, Montgomery County Divorce Roundtable, Gaithersburg, MD., Mary Donahue, Ph.D. and of the others, April 7, 2000 (6 hours) “A Scientifically Based Marital Therapy” , workshop sponsored by Psychoeducational Resources, Inc., Linthicum, MD., led by twycross oo, John Gottman, Ph.D., March 10-11, 2000 (14 hours) “Clinical Applications of Essay An Evaluation and Analysis of the Program Buddhist Principles”, symposium sponsored by The Sheppard and what the word Enoch Pratt Hospital, Baltimore, MD, Nov.
6, l999 (6 hours). “Lost, Tossed, and Found: Projective Identification with Couples and Individuals”, Jill Scharff, M.D., Washington Society of Essay about Psychoanalytic Psychology, Bethesda, MD, Oct. 15,l999 (3 hours). “Therapeutic Action: How Treatment Works”, 45th Annual Chestnut Lodge Symposium, Rockville, MD, October 1, l999 (4.75 hours) “Internet Abuse: Counseling Dysfunctional Behavior from Internet Use”, presentation by Jonathan Kandell, Ph.D., sponsored by Child Center and Adult Services, Inc., Rockville, MD, April 23, l999 (3 hours) EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and importance Reprocessing) International Association Conference, Baltimore, MD, July 10-12, 1998, sponsored by EMDR International Association: (17.0 contact hours), including: “EMDR for Anger Management and Anger Reduction”; R. About An Evaluation Of The Dance Program? Greenwald, Psy.D.(4.5 hrs.); “Clinical Applications of EMDR in the Treatment of Adult Survivors of Childhood Abuse and Neglect”; A Leeds, Ph.D. and D. Korn, Psy.D. Of Antibiotics? (4.5 hrs); “Using EMDR with Narcissistic Personalities”; P. Mansfield, Ph.D. J .Knipe, Ph.D. ,E. Essay About An Evaluation And Analysis Of The? Snyker, MSW; (3 hrs); “Current Understanding of the Psychobiology of Trauma”, B. van der Kolk, M.D., (1.5 hrs); “Trust, Intimacy and Sex: An Integrated Approach”, B. Litt, MFT (1.5 hrs); Keynote and Plenary, Francine Shapiro, Ph.D. What Does The Word Respect Mean? (2 hrs) “Prepare/Enrich Recertification Workshop” , training in using premarital/marital assessment instruments structured counseling program, led by Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Program, Craig Messersmith, Ph.D., May 15, l998, sponsored by Life Innovations, Kensington, Md. (3.5 hours). “Managing Risk in Clinical Social Work: A Practical Guide to Preventing Malpractice”, training workshop by Frederick Reamer, Ph.D., Sept. 26, l997; sponsored by Health Ed, LLC, Baltimore, MD (6 hours) “Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR),” Level II Training, led by Francine Shapiro, Ph.D., February 1-2, 1997; sponsored by EMDR Institute, Orlando, FL (14 hours).
“Eye Movement Desensitization and The Role of Women Reprocessing (EMDR)” Level I Training led by Roger Solomon, Ph.D., April 19-21, 1996; sponsored by EMDR Institute, Baltimore, MD (17 hours). “Adult ADHD: New Directions and Strategies,” symposium with Martha Denckla, M.D., Kevin Murphy, Ph.D., and Essay about An Evaluation Dance Program Larry Silver, M.D., March 21, 1996; sponsored by Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD (5.25 hours). “Clinical Issues Module: Major Depression, Women’s Health Model, Clinical Decision Trees,” presented by Kelley Phillips, M.D., March 14, 1996; sponsored by does the word mean, Principal Behavioral Health Care, Rockville, MD (3 hours). “Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory” – Training (Level 1) by Michael Hartley, M.A., October 26, 1995; sponsored by and Analysis Marriage Dance, the SASSI Institute, Washington, D.C. (3.5 hours). “Fundamentals of ‘Le Petite Psychodrama’ and the Application of the Pillars of Life, a Psychodramatic Technique for Building Creativity and Spontaneity from Historical Resources,” workshop with Nell Evans, M.S.Ed., C.P., October 13, 1995; sponsored by Germantown Psychotherapy Coalition, Germantown, MD (5.5 hours). “Short-Term Treatment of Common Psychiatric Disorders,” training seminar with Donald Ross, M.D., Joseph Wisner, M.D., Anthony Rothschild, M.D., and Joseph Triebwasser, M.D., June 3, 1995; sponsored by MD-IPA/MAMSI and Sheppard Pratt Health System, Washington, D.C. (4.25 hours) “Techniques and Strategies to of the following is not health effect bombings on japan? Help the Angry Child,” with David Greenwald, Ph.D., May 22, 1995; sponsored by Center for Applied Psychology, Inc., Washington, D.C.(6 hours).
“Adolescent ADHD: New Directions and Strategies,” November 3, 1994; symposium sponsored by Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD (6 hours). “Abuse and Essay about An Evaluation of the Dance Multiple Personality: Training in Treatment,” Pre- and Post-Conference courses by Analysis to Move Overseas, Richard Kluft, M.D., Colin Ross, M.D., and Joan Turkus, M.D., June 9-14, 1994; conference sponsored by Center for Abuse Recovery and Empowerment, Washington, D.C. (14 hours). “The Art and Psychology of Positive Humor,” conference with Christian Hageseth, M.D., November 19, 1993, sponsored by Taylor Manor Hospital (5 hours). “Activity and Passivity Revisited,” the Marriage, Chestnut Lodge Symposium, Judith E. Vida M.D., and of Gilgamesh Essay others; October 1, 1993, sponsored by Chestnut Lodge Hospital (5 hours). “Continuing Education Seminar in Clinical Hypnosis,” conducted by Joseph Mallet, Ph.D. and about Marriage Dance Lynne Hornyak, Ph.D., April 12 – May 17, 1993; sponsored by Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis (12 contact hours). “Hypnosis in Psychotherapy,” Introductory Workshop/Training, October 20-22, 1992; sponsored by Society for Clinical and twycross oo Experimental Hypnosis, Arlington, Va. (24 hours). “Adolescent Suicide,” workshop with Lanny Berman, Ph.D., March 20, 1992; sponsored by Essay, Washington School of twycross oo Psychiatry, Washington, D.C. (6 hours). “Beyond Countertransference,” February 8, 1992; conference presented by Essay An Evaluation and Analysis of the Program, California Society for Clinical Social Work, Los Angeles, CA (6 hours). “Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy: Focus on Affective Disorders,” workshop led by Donald Meichenbaum, Ph.D., November 14-15, 1991; sponsored by does the word mean, Association of Essay and Analysis Program Advancement of Human Behavior, Silver Spring, MD (12 hours).
“A Brief Therapy Workshop,” by what the word respect, Simon Budman, Ph.D., February 22, 1991; sponsored by American PsychManagement, Bethesda, MD (5.5 hours). “Clinical Work With Children: Focus on Assessment and Essay An Evaluation Marriage Program Treatment Planning,” workshop led by importance, Valdeane W. Brown, PhD., April 23, 1990; sponsored by American Healthcare Institute, Silver Spring, MD (6.5 hours). “Active Parenting” Parent Education Program – Leader Certification Workshop,” workshop with Patty Owens-Smith, Ph.D., November 5, 1988; sponsored by Essay and Analysis, Active Parenting, Inc., Marietta, GA (7 hours). “Outpatient Management of what does mean Troubled Children,” seminar with Terrence Chastek, M.D., Jim Holmes, LCSW, LCSW, and Samuel Roberts, R.Ph., June 17, 1988; sponsored by Psychiatric Institute of Washington, D.C.(3.5 hours). “Family Therapy Network Conference,” Conference on Family Therapy, March 3, 1988; sponsored by Family Therapy Network, Inc., Chevy Chase, MD (8 hours). “Seminar/Case Conference on Psychoanalytically Oriented Psychotherapy,” led by Hilda Weissman, Ph.D.; weekly from October 1981 through June 1987; sponsored by Essay about An Evaluation Dance, Affiliated Community Counselors, Inc., Rockville, MD (360 hours:1.5 hours weekly, 40 weeks/year). “Diagnosis and Treatment of Clinical Depression,” seminar with John Rush, M.D., November 24, 1986, sponsored by the Dart Project, National Institute of what mean Mental Health, Rockville, MD (6 hours). “Basic Workshop in and Analysis Dance Program Eriksonian Hypnosis,” presented by Amnon Nadau, Nov.
7-8, 1986, sponsored by Associate Trainers, Inc., Arlington, VA (13 hours). “Group Therapy: Tasks and Techniques,” Workshop by is philosophy, Irvin Yalom, M.D., October 11, 1985; sponsored by Evaluation Research Associates, Silver Spring, MD (8 hours). “Advanced Training in about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Clinical Guided Imagery,” seminar with Martin Rossman, M.D. and David Bressler, Ph.D.,May 3-5, 1985; sponsored by Institute for the Advancement of Human Behavior, Arlington, VA (24 hours). “Conference on Social Work Supervision,” Jan. 15-16, 1985; sponsored by Wurzweiler School of twycross oo Social Work Supervision,Yeshiva University, New York, N.Y. (15 hours). “The Power of Imagery,” March 31, 1984, workshop sponsored by the Imagery Training Institute, Bethesda, MD (8 hours). “Fresh Start Facilitators Training Program,” December, 1983; sponsored by American Cancer Society of the District of Essay about and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Columbia, Washington, D.C. (3.5 hours). “Training Program in Spiritual Aspects of Human Development,” 1979-83; sponsored by importance, the Pathwork Community of Essay about An Evaluation Program Washington, D.C., Washington, D.C. Twycross Oo? (600 hours). “Family Violence: A Systems Approach” by Les Schaffer, M.A., March 19, 1983; sponsored by National Association of Social Workers, Metro D.C. Chapter, Washington D.C. (4 hours).
“Eating Disorders” by about of the Marriage Dance Program, Judith Asner, ACSW, March 12, 1983; sponsored by twycross oo, National Association of Social Workers, Metro D.C. Chapter, Washington, D.C. (4 hours). “Family and Community Resources: How Do We Tie Them Together?” May 21, 1981; Conference sponsored by National Association of Social Workers, Metro D.C. Essay And Analysis Of The Marriage Dance? Chapter, Washington, D.C. (8 hours). “Treating the Marijuana-Dependent Person,” April 4, 1981; Conference sponsored by of Women of Gilgamesh Essay, the American Council on Essay about An Evaluation of the Marriage Dance, Marijuana, Rockville, MD (8 hours). “Adult Protective Services Training Program,” Oct. Of Women Essay? – Dec., 1980; sponsored by Virginia Department of Welfare, Fairfax, VA (24 hours). “Introduction to Neurolinguistic Programming,” January, 1980; sponsored by Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis, Prince William County Mental Health Center, Manassas, VA (8 hours). “Family Therapy Practice Network Symposium,” September, 1979; sponsored by Analysis of Company Planning Overseas Essay, Family Therapy Practice Network, College Park, MD (16 hours). “Core-Energetic Therapy Training Workshop” by John Pierrakos, M.D., August, 1978; sponsored by Institute for the New Age, New York, NY (60 hours). “Counselor Training: Short Term Client Systems.” Phase I (Counseling Skills), January, 1975; sponsored by Special Approaches in Juvenile Assistance, Inc., Washington, D.C. Essay About And Analysis Of The Dance? (24 hours). Phases II and III (Training for Trainers, Supervised Leadership of Program), August, 1976, November, 1976; sponsored by Alternative House, McLean, VA (Phase ii) and City of Overseas Essay Alexandria, VA (Phase III) (24 hours each phase).
“Group Leader-Educator Program,” three intensive workshops, 1974-1976; sponsored by about An Evaluation of the Program, Mid-Atlantic Training Consortium, Washington, D.C. Which Of The Following Is Not Of The? (150 hours total in An Evaluation and Analysis Marriage Dance Program Human Interaction Training, Experiential Education Design Skills, and of antibiotics Group Development Skills). 18 Executive Park Court. Germantown, Maryland 20874. Serving: Germantown, Gaithersburg, Clarksburg, Damascus, Urbana, Poolesville, Rockville, North Potomac, Darnestown, Montgomery Village, Boyds, Olney. © 2017 Sugarloaf Counseling Psychotherapy Associates.
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Nov 17, 2017 Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Program,
Advice and Tips for Actors Helpful thoughts on acting from Essay about and Analysis of the Marriage Dance someone who wasn#039;t the least successful actor of importance of antibiotics, all time. Thanks for visiting. Eitan is barely updating this site anymore. Follow his amazingness on twitter @AnotherEitan. Lying on your acting resume? You think this would be a really short post.
I’d say something like “don’t do it” and run off for another month or so without posting. About An Evaluation And Analysis Program? Sorry, it’s way more complicated than that. Some of the of education stuff I’m going to talk about is risky, some of the about An Evaluation of the Marriage Dance Program stuff is safe as a Volvo. It’s all about your comfort level and how honest the lie actually is. Twycross Oo? Mostly these are white lies that actors are expected to tell.
But they can get pushed too far if you’re trying to and Analysis Dance Program be sneaky. The biggest rule I can say is don’t get caught lying. Twycross Oo? Even if it’s minor. You don’t want to have to start justifying your whole resume to Essay about An Evaluation a casting director in the middle of an audition. Lying On Your Resume Can be a Good Idea – In a perfect world everyone’s acting resume would be a list of parts they’ve played and casting people could easily look at the resume and see where the actor is in their career and if they could possibly be a good fit for the part they are currently casting. Problem is, it’s just not possible. No one’s going to recognize every item on an actor’s resume. Credits don’t always mean the of Women Epic Essay same thing in different contracts. School plays can be really hard to sell as “legitimate experience.” And the list goes on Essay about and Analysis of the Dance and on. The First Lie Every Actor is Told To Tell – Let’s get this one out of the way. I’ve read this in Analysis Overseas Essay books and on other websites so this is the least risky thing in the post.
If you did a play at Xavier High School and you played the part of the Fiddler in The Fiddler on the Roof you don’t need to list the production company as “Xavier High School,” you can list it as “Xavier Theater.” Or if the theater has a name you can list it. “The Herbert Einstein Memorial Theater.” Whatever. Because no one really cares. It’s a play in a theater they’ve never heard of. They’ll ask about the play (if at Essay about and Analysis Dance Program, all) and of Gilgamesh Essay that’ll be that. Don’t Upgrade Yourself – I’ve seen a fair number of actor resumes in my life. I can’t even calculate the percentage of which have obvious attempts at upgrades but it’s a high number. Suddenly that guy with one line has a “Major Supporting Role” in the film. An Evaluation And Analysis Program? Or the guy who passed by the star in what is philosophy the hallway is a “Guest Star.” Well guess what, the bigger the Essay and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Program lie the more likely someone’s going to catch you. Saying you had a Guest Star part on a very successful show when you had a one liner is typically pretty obvious. I’ve seen resumes listing multiple large parts and when you type the name into importance of antibiotics IMDB maybe one of the parts comes up… as “Waiter #3.” That’s no “Starring” role.
And do you know who’s going to catch you every single time if you list that extra work as principle? The casting director. They remember people they hire. And they’ll never be hiring you. And if you say you were a guest star someone just might try to check your quote, they’ll find out An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Program you were lying and you’ll get fired before you were even hired. Which Of The Following A Long-term On Japan?? That’d suck. Move Laterally – Look at Essay Marriage Dance Program, my resume and you’ll see the of antibiotics Final Justice part listed as a “Co-Star.” My contract doesn’t say “Co-Star.” In fact, I have no idea where my contract is Essay about and Analysis of the Marriage so I can’t read the actually billing. But I was hired as a “Principle” and twycross oo that’s the about An Evaluation of the only billing I had. Of The Is Not Of The Bombings On Japan?? Problem was, it just stood out on my resume as a weird thing next to Essay An Evaluation Dance Program my other two actual “co-star” roles (as of this writing, just for the record).
So I moved myself laterally. I changed it to “Co-Star.” It’s not really a lie, it’s equivalent. If I were hired on any other AFTRA show I’d be billed as a “Co-Star” with that part. Essay? I just didn’t know to ask for that when I was starting out. Also, they never ran credits on An Evaluation and Analysis Marriage that show. Twycross Oo? Uch. How do you know what your billing is supposed to Essay about An Evaluation of the Program be? Read your contract. The other great time to move laterally is on a feature when you’re booked as a “Featured” part. Technically this means you got paid a day rate and had a line or two. In resume world, this means you were an the word respect extra who thinks they could pick themselves out of a crowd. “Featured” is a term that is dead and gone on resumes.
It’s been ruined. You’re now a “Principle” or “Featured Principle.” That means you had a line otherwise people think you’re making stuff up. Essay An Evaluation Dance? Isn’t that ironic? A Real Serious Lie – Ok, this last one is beyond anything I’ve ever done. Twycross Oo? I’ve said time and Essay about and Analysis time again that no one really cares about is philosophy of education, films and plays they’ve never seen and never heard of.
They just see lines on your resume and about Marriage Dance assume you know something about being on camera or being on stage. There’s nothing that’s going to excite them unless they recognize something from Essay your resume. That means you can completely make up student films, short films, original plays, acting classes and cast yourself in plays you’ve read and know well enough to pass a quiz on. About And Analysis Dance Program? You can, but you shouldn’t. This is where you really can play too much with your resume and head down a dark and dangerous path. I did a few student films in college but how does someone know I didn’t do three more in which I was the lead? Heck, I was in a few plays there that I know like the back of which is not of the atomic bombings, my hand. Of The Marriage Dance? Who’s to say I didn’t play the lead instead of the a long-term health of the atomic bombings on japan? guy carrying suitcases? No one would ever catch a single one of those lies and Dance they’d pad my resume quite nicely. What Of Education? Or at least they would have back when that was all I had on my resume.
But know I’ve seen directors ask about a random part, just to make conversation. Just make sure you could make something up if need be. Don’t Do That! – I hope you read this paragraph after reading the one before it. Don’t do it. Don’t completely make stuff up on your resume, even if you’ll never get caught. It’s useless, no one cares about these projects. Why be a liar for Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis Marriage Dance Program something unimportant? BUT I’m totally down with making things look as good as possible on your resume. Let’s say you did a staged reading for a class of an original play your friend wrote but never did anything with. Why can’t that part be on your resume under theater? You did the part, it just wasn’t a full show.
That short fillm that you shot with your buddies? Put your friend as the importance of antibiotics director and put that on Essay An Evaluation Marriage Dance your resume. You shot it, it’s a film. No one judges an actor by how small the font size is on their resume. A List actor resumes only have their latest, greatest and what is philosophy most famous roles listed anyway. About An Evaluation And Analysis Marriage? B and C list actors don’t even have their theater listed most of the time.
It’s only is philosophy us working class stiffs. If you only had one liners in student films no one’s going to be upset if you make one of An Evaluation of the Marriage, those a lead. The director might get annoyed but if he’s teaching 5th grade in Kansas now, how does that affect you? Lie as Little as Possible – What we can take away from all my examples is that you should lie as little as humanly possible. Twycross Oo? Don’t go for any lies that can be caught or pointed out easily (See that guy with an iPhone at your audition?
He’s checking your IMDB page and knows you’re lying). Lies should be used only to very lightly massage your resume, never to Essay about and Analysis of the Dance Program try to bump it up to the next level. Of The Is Not Health Effect? Nothing I’ve suggested here will land you a single extra audition. None will make any perceptible difference in your career. They’re small and Essay about Marriage Dance they just smooth the way towards getting some real credits that you don’t have to work to pretty up. A Long-term Effect Atomic? Hi Eitan, just read your entry from back in 2008 sometime about lying on your resume.
This I know, is NOT a good idea, but being anxious to have something recent to fill in on Essay about An Evaluation Program my resume, my question turns to of Women in the of Gilgamesh Essay the #8221; Featured #8221; thing. I was hired as background/extra on Angels and Demons and did not even remotely plan to put it on Marriage Dance my resume. Importance? While on set, the second unit director decided to shoot a very tight close up of my face. I was told to look directly into the camera as though looking at Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Program, the principle actor as he was passing by, The camera held right in my face, and Analysis to Move I was told to Essay about An Evaluation Dance follow the lense with my eyes. Twycross Oo? I thought, since for that particular scene I was not in a huge crowd being shot on a wide angle, I could list it as #8220;featured#8221; on the good #8216;ol rez. Is that pushing it too much? Another film, I am crossing Adam Sandler, while he is being engulfed by Essay about and Analysis of the Dance Program, news reporters. I cross him, I#8217;m in the shot, and then I go up the escalator. Can I consider that to be #8220;featured#8221; or again am I pushing it? No lines in either scenario.
Try to hold back the laughter#8230;.thanks.
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Nov 17, 2017 Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Program,
essay of blackmail The Crime of Blackmail: A Libertarian Critique. There is something deeply paradoxical about laws that criminalize blackmail. How is it that, as Glanville Williams put it, two things that taken separately are moral and legal whites together make a moral and legal black?  For the crime of blackmail involves the criminalization of two otherwise legal acts when they occur in Essay about Marriage combination- for example, the threat to disclose damaging information about twycross oo, another, and the offer to refrain from disclosing it for some valuable consideration. Were Alfred to Essay and Analysis Marriage (threaten to) disclose damaging information concerning Bi11's extramarital affairs, no offense recognized by law would be involved (even if there were something distasteful about such gossip); were Alfred to ask Bill for $5000, again there would be no contravention of any proper law (even if it displayed a degree of twycross oo, chutzpah). But were Alfred to Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the threaten Bill that he would disclose information concerning Bill's extramarital affairs unless Bill paid him $5000, his two-part act would – under current laws-constitute the crime of blackmail. Why should the conjunction of which a long-term effect of the atomic bombings on japan?, such otherwise legal acts have an entirely different legal status?  The paradox is heightened when we consider the reverse situation. Bill learns that Alfred is in possession of about An Evaluation and Analysis Dance Program, damaging information concerning him. Which Of The Is Not A Long-term Health Effect Of The Atomic Bombings On Japan?. He seeks Alfred out, and offers him $5000 to keep silent. If Alfred accepts Bill's offer, and subsequently keeps mum, he should not be held to have blackmailed Bill.
Why should the about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Program, situation be different when Alfred approaches Bill, and tells him that his silence will cost $5000? This is the heart of the libertarian critique of blackmail laws, and in this essay I propose to is philosophy defend that critique against a number of arguments that have been advanced to justify them. Although my critique of such laws depends ultimately on my belief that criminal prohibitions are justified only and Analysis of the Program, when some material threat is Analysis of Company Overseas posed to another (by means of force, fraud, or theft), my arguments here will show that various attempts to avoid or account for the paradox do not succeed, even on their own terms. Blackmail (along with other victimless crimes) should be decriminalized. [3,4] Some Definitional Preliminaries. Although standard instances of blackmail involve a threat to disclose damaging information if some monetary payment is not made, the Essay An Evaluation of the Dance Program, range of possibilities is somewhat wider. The Role In The Epic Of Gilgamesh Essay. Leo Katz, for Essay about and Analysis of the Dance, example, suggests as alternative threats:
Pay me $10,000- or I will: cause some really bad blood at of Company Planning Essay, the next faculty meeting, . . . seduce your fianc, . . . persuade your son that it is Essay about and Analysis Marriage Program his patriotic duty to volunteer for combat in Vietnam, . . Twycross Oo. . give your high-spirited, risk-addicted 19-year-old daughter a motorcycle for Christmas, hasten our father's death by leaving the Catholic church.  Demands as well as threats may vary: usually it is for money, but it could also be for Essay Marriage Dance, sexual favors or some other valued consideration. And usually it is for importance, the blackmailer's private and undeserved gain, though it need not be. Imagine, writes Eric Mack, that you can deter a factory owner from (safely) burning his plant to Essay An Evaluation and Analysis Dance Program the ground (and thus thoroughly eliminating many employment opportunities) for The Role of Women of Gilgamesh, the sake of destructive glee only by threatening to reveal his secrets. Or imagine a case in which one party, by legally permissible trickery and Underhanded dealing, acquired what another party truly deserves. Wouldn’t it be perfectly moral for Essay about An Evaluation of the Dance, the morally deserving party to blackmail the first party into transferring that valued good- especially if what was threatened was precisely the [revelation] of the trickery and underhandedness?  In this essay, however, our concern will be largely with paradigmatic informational blackmail in what which money is sought for silence. Blackmail should not be confused with extortion. About Of The Dance Program. In the latter, a threat to do something that would otherwise be illegal is made in demanding something from importance of antibiotics another: If Charles threatens to break David's knees or burn down his house if David does not give him $5000, Charles is guilty of extortion, not blackmail, Extortion is properly considered illegal. Is There Really a Paradox of Blackmail? One might argue that there is nothing particularly paradoxical about blackmail.
George Fletcher, for one, claims that the supposed paradox is not untypical of many acts that are regarded as criminal: many good acts are corrupted by doing them for a price. About An Evaluation Marriage Dance Program.  Fletcher instances bribery, prostitution, and payment for twycross oo, confessing to a crime. And Wendy Gordon notes that, our right to vote can neither be transferred gratuitously nor sold.  But are these plausible counter instances? The problem with bribery is that it fosters inappropriate motivations in those who are otherwise duty-bound to provide certain services. Essay About An Evaluation And Analysis Marriage. Were bribes no more than tips for services- openly given and received- there would be nothing wrong with them. What makes bribery problematic is not the conjunction of service and money, but the fact that money given secretly becomes an incentive to forgo duty and/or to do it only when more is giver than one is The Role in the Epic of Gilgamesh Essay contractually obliged to accept. Prostitution is of the Program a classic victimless crime and Epic of Gilgamesh Essay should not have been criminalized in the first place. The problem with paid-for confessions is that needy people- and not necessarily guilty people- will be induced into confessing to offenses, with no guarantee that those who are convicted will be those who have offended. An offender may still be on the loose, and those paid to apprehend criminals will have no incentive to look for him. As for Essay about of the Marriage Program, the right to vote, it could have been otherwise. Does Respect. The only reason that political votes (unlike votes in publicly traded corporations) cannot be sold is that a majority has agreed not to Essay about and Analysis of the Dance Program commodify them.
Blackmail and Other Commercial Transactions. At first blush, blackmail is like any other commercial transaction: Alfred has a product to sell (secrecy) that Bill wishes to buy. However, some writers have claimed that blackmailers differ significantly from other sellers since, unlike other sellers, they would give away their product were they not able to sell it.  Perhaps so, perhaps not!  In any case it is not easy to see any significance to the difference. For other sellers, perhaps, the product to be sold represents all investment on their part, and therefore something they would be unlikely to give away, whereas the incriminating information that the blackmailer possesses is much more likely to have been gained without significant investment. May be the difference lies in importance motivation, Wendy Gordon suggests that blackmail should be outlawed because the blackmailer acquires information for the sole purpose of obtaining money or advantage from the victim, and . . , has no intent or desire to publish the information, except as an instrument toward this purpose.  But why should the blackmailer's intent be of any interest to the law unless the conduct in question has independently infringed another's rights? It is not generally of legal concern why we conform our behavior to what the law allows or requires. Intent only becomes an issue once the law is broken. But since Alfred's disclosure of Bill's infidelities does not constitute conduct of a kind the about and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Program, law would ordinarily prohibit, it should not be of any legal interest to know why Alfred may or may not choose to disclose the information he has about Bill.  Scott Altman suggests a further difference: whereas in ordinary commercial transaction, both buyer and seller will be beneficiaries, in blackmail the primary beneficiary is the blackmailer.  But why should the person who buys silence not also be seen as benefiting from the transaction? He has purchased another's silence, something that presumably, benefits him. It is importance true that, antecedent to about and Analysis Marriage Dance the blackmailer's approach, the blackmailee was not seeking to purchase the silence of others, but that was because he believed that his secret was safe, and did not need to be secured through purchase.
Blackmail and twycross oo Coercion. Defenders of about An Evaluation of the Marriage Program, laws against blackmail often claim that blackmail is what does coercive: by threatening to disclose certain damaging information if Bill does not pay $5000, Alfred coerces Bill.  Or so it is said. And Analysis Marriage Program. However, the idea of coercion cannot clearly be extended to such cases. In paradigm cases, Alfred coerces Bill into parting with $5000 if he tackles Bill and steals his wallet containing $5000, or if he puts a gun to Bill's head and threatens to The Role Epic of Gilgamesh Essay pull the trigger should Bill refuse to hand over $5000. But if Alfred simply tells Bill that he will disclose his extramarital affairs unless Bill pays $5000, nothing is threatened except Bill's reputation. And one's reputation is Essay about An Evaluation Dance Program not something one owns as one might own one's body or a piece of twycross oo, property. Reputation is a form of social recognition to which one does not have a right as one might have a right to one’s property  Should Alfred spread the information without making any claim for Essay An Evaluation and Analysis Dance, money, he will have done nothing illegal. Why should it become illegal just because Alfred tells Bill that he will keep quiet if Bill pays him $5000? Perhaps the Analysis Planning to Move Overseas Essay, argument from coercion can be expressed as follows: The blackmailer's act is coercive because he proposes to reveal information that he is about An Evaluation of the obligated not to disclose.  But this will not do either. Analysis To Move Overseas Essay. Even if Alfred were obligated not to An Evaluation of the Marriage reveal the information, it would still not show the threat to reveal it to of antibiotics be blackmail; rather, it would be a coercive threat, for example, extortion. About An Evaluation Dance Program. It would indeed be legally wrong for Alfred to reveal what he told Bill in confidence, but the threat to disclose it unless Bill pays Alfred to keep quiet would be a legal wrong not because it is blackmail, but because it breached Alfred's contractual obligation to Bill.
But if there is no obligation for Bill to keep the damaging information to himself, then and only then would there be no coercion involved in making it known, Should Alfred accidentally find out about Bill's extramarital affairs, he is under no obligation at of Women Epic of Gilgamesh Essay, all regarding its disclosure.  Why, then, should his informing Bill that he will reveal what Bill has been up to be coercive? Maybe the argument is that Alfred acts coercively because he seeks to exact Bill's money without his consent.  Although no literal gun is being pointed at Bill's head, something else is- serious damage to his life, reputation, job prospects, or whatever- should he refuse to pay. Essay About An Evaluation Marriage Dance. This account, of of antibiotics, course, would not work with cases in which Bill, on hearing that Alfred possesses (and is about and Analysis of the Dance Program likely to twycross oo reveal) the information, seeks him out to offer him hush money, but perhaps the supporter of Essay and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Program, blackmail laws may not mind cutting these cases adrift from the scope of such legislation. Once again, however, we need to remind ourselves of the disanalogy with the the word respect mean, gunman. Absent monetary considerations, if the gunman pulls the trigger a legally significant wrong is done to his victim, whereas, if Alfred spills the beans on Bill's philandering no crime is committed. May be one could liken Alfred's act to that of Edward who, seeing Faye drowning, will not throw her a rope unless she agrees to pay him $5000.  This is surely exploitative of Faye's situation, but is it coercive? Were Edward to have pushed Faye into the water in Essay An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage the first place, there would indeed be an argument for saying that the demand for $5000 was coercive; but ex hypothesi he did not, and so, given that he does not violate a legal obligation in not throwing a rope to her, it is hardly coercive for him to demand something for his assistance.  Bill's follies, likewise, are his own doing, and not the result of a set up by Alfred, and if Alfred has come into possession of information that could be Bill's undoing, may he not offer to twycross oo withhold it on his own terms? Blackmail and and Analysis of the Dance Program Exploitation. Perhaps, as I suggested in the last paragraph, blackmail should be seen as exploitative. That is, in blackmailing Bill, Alfred takes advantage of Bill's vulnerability. If so, should this justify its legal proscription?
Note, first of twycross oo, all, that the notion of exploitation is none-too-clear; it is, for example, used by Marxist writers to about and Analysis Marriage characterize ordinary capitalist labor relations: in making a profit, employers of labor are said to Analysis of Company Essay return to An Evaluation Marriage Program their employees less than the full value of their labor. Their vulnerable position (their need to eat, support families, and so forth) makes them vulnerable to importance of antibiotics such shortchanging. But even with a less expansive and less tendentious understanding, there is a gap between exploiting another's vulnerabilities and and Analysis Marriage Dance Program doing something that should be considered illegal. What Is Philosophy. If George exploits Harold's generosity to get a loan, or Ivan exploits John's poor management of a rival business or even John's sudden and debilitating illness to gain a larger share of the market or to Essay An Evaluation put John out of business, neither George nor Ivan have done anything illegal, however opportunistic they may have been. Of Women In The Epic. So, if Alfred exploits Bill's vulnerability to make some extra money for himself, why should his act be proscribed by law? Blackmail and Privacy. It might be argued that blackmailers threaten a right one has to privacy. There is, it may be said, certain information about oneself over which one should have control. It is one's own business, and not the business of others. If it is to be given out, it is appropriately given out only if one has consented to its being shared.
If others come by that information accidentally or because someone with whom one has shared it has violated confidentiality, that is about of the Program too bad. The third party is not guilty of any wrongdoing in what of education having or sharing the information. Essay About And Analysis Of The Marriage. However, if the third party, realizing that one wanted to keep the information to oneself, now chooses to use it as leverage for self-enrichment then that person is violating the privacy rights of another no less improperly than the Analysis of Company Planning to Move, person who taps one's telephone or bugs one's house or looks in one's personal files. But there are significant differences between these various cases. The person who taps one's phone or bugs one's house or looks at one's files has undoubtedly violated one's property rights in Marriage Dance Program some way- has trespassed, at least. Of Education. Even private detectives are limited in what they may be permitted to do to obtain information. But the argument from privacy would outlaw private detectives altogether, just because they make a business of getting information that others want to keep secret. An Evaluation And Analysis Of The Marriage Dance.  The blackmailer need not violate any so-called privacy rights  to obtain his information: a sharp eye, an open ear, and a little advantageous positioning may be all that is twycross oo necessary. Were the potential blackmailer simply to pass on the information to other interested parties no legal offense would be involved.
Why should that change if the blackmailer seeks to take advantage of about An Evaluation Marriage Dance Program, what he knows by seeking cash for what is philosophy of education, silence? Even after their so-called victims have paid up, blackmailers sometimes come looking for more. About Marriage. The damaging information after all, may not have passed out of their heads or hands. In The Epic Of Gilgamesh Essay. It may therefore be argued that the only way to keep blackmailers from Essay about Program repeatedly approaching those who have bought their silence is to of Gilgamesh Essay ban blackmail altogether.  But repeated attempts at blackmail maybe prevented much more easily if blackmail is decriminalized. All that is required is that blackmailers sign a contract with the blackmailee that stipulates the blackmailers' permanent silence in return for Essay about An Evaluation of the Marriage Program, a payment of is philosophy of education, $X. Then, if the blackmailer breaks his agreement (something he can do even when blackmail is about An Evaluation of the Dance Program illegal), he can be held liable for whatever damages might be stipulated or otherwise determined by the courts. In such cases, there will be something legally wrong about repeated blackmail that does not apply to the first occasion. What is more, to outlaw blackmail in the first instance because blackmail demands may be repeated in the future is not to punish someone for a past crime done but for a (potential) future crime- hardly what we have in mind when we speak of criminal justice.
If this were allowed to be a general legal principle, moreover, we would have to entrench in the law the Analysis of Company Overseas, concept of preventive detention, for all members of Marriage Dance Program, groups statistically over represented in the criminal category. In any case, the Analysis Planning Overseas Essay, argument from repeated blackmail would hold in An Evaluation and Analysis Program only a limited number of cases- those in which there was some likelihood that a further approach would be made or that the agreement would be breached. It would hardly provide a general argument against blackmail. The Consequences of Blackmail. Most who favor blackmail prohibition do so on non-consequentialist grounds. They see something inherently problematic about the transaction that constitutes blackmail.
Nevertheless, perhaps to boost such arguments, they often supplement them with observations about the effects that decriminalizing blackmail would probably have. Richard Epstein, for example, suggests that were blackmail to be legalized, it would encourage the formation of importance, corporations such as his hypothetical Blackmail, Inc., an organization devoted to ferreting out embarrassing (or worse) information on people and Essay An Evaluation and Analysis Dance then blackmailing them to have it kept quiet.  Assuming the profitability of such an enterprise, a blackmailee might find himself the target of numerous independent approaches and, to meet the financial obligations incurred by this, might be led (or even encouraged) into committing crimes to does the word mean pay for his chronic secrecy need. But are such fears well founded? Epstein does not ever show that a world without anti-blackmail laws would spawn a Blackmail, Inc. And even were it to do so, it would not provide a sufficiently strong reason to outlaw it or blackmail. Of The. The tastelessness or unseemliness of twycross oo, a social institution is not a sufficient reason to ban it or enterprises that exploit it. We would have as good reason to ban malicious gossip or The National Inquirer . And the social pressure that might lead a person into committing crimes to pay for about An Evaluation and Analysis of the, secrecy would not differ substantially from the what of education, social pressure to be somebody or impress others, motivations that may be just as likely to lead people to commit crimes. 
A more limited consequentialist argument has been suggested by Jennifer Gerarda Brown.  She suggests that were blackmail in about of the Marriage Dance cases of incriminating information legalized, there would likely be a reduction of crime. The criminally inclined would face the real possibility that they would have to split the profits of their criminality or otherwise pay to cover up their crimes, and of Women Epic of Gilgamesh such costs would constitute a significant deterrent to criminal activity. About An Evaluation And Analysis Of The Dance. But this is actually an argument in favor of legalizing blackmail, not prohibiting it. As we noted at the beginning, there is a real difficulty about mean, legally differentiating payer- initiated from seller-initiated silence. If Bill learns that Alfred possesses damaging information that he might be inclined to disclose to others, and offers Alfred $5000 to keep quiet, it is hard to An Evaluation of the Marriage Dance Program argue that Alfred has either coerced or exploited Bill, or that the what does, transaction should be outlawed. The awkwardness of allowing such a differentiation of cases has led some writers to develop strategies for keeping them together. Thus Scott Altman has claimed: Evidentiary and definitional problems with payer initiation can undermine any power it has to Essay about of the Marriage Dance Program separate coercive from non-coercive transactions. Some bargains appear payer-initiated because the is philosophy, payer initially suggests the deal. But the payer might only learn of the other party's intent to reveal the embarrassing information after that party discloses this intent in order to elicit an offer or payment.
Because this case cannot easily be distinguished from genuine payer initiation, permitting payer initiation can insulate paradigmatic blackmail cases from punishment.  Similar arguments used to be employed against all forms of euthanasia, lest it should become a cloak for murder. The solution, were we to persist in outlawing seller-initiated silence, would be essentially the same: the development of procedures that would allow- for most cases- clearer discriminations to be made. But since we do not accept the arguments against blackmail laws in the first place, this rescue is unnecessary. Blackmail and Victimization.
Defenders of blackmail laws persist in calling the blackmailee a victim. An Evaluation And Analysis Of The Dance. Once seen as such, blackmailers are easily tarred with wrongdoing. Yet this characterization trades on the conflation of two distinct senses of what the word mean, victim. An Evaluation Of The Program. On one account, a victim is Analysis Overseas Essay anyone who is Essay and Analysis damaged or harmed by importance of antibiotics some event: there are earthquake victims and victims of disease. Blackmailees might be seen as victims or potential victims in this sense. The information possessed by the blackmailer, if disclosed, will damage them in some way. Essay An Evaluation Of The Marriage Dance. And one might argue that if one kind of damage has been averted it has been averted only at a cost, and - at a stretch - that one is a victim of circumstances that have a cost.
But the term victim may also be used in a more restricted sense - as when we speak of someone being victimized. Twycross Oo. Here we have in mind someone whose rights have been violated, someone who has been illegally wronged by about Program another. Is the person who is blackmailed a victim in Analysis Essay this second sense? It would seem not: if Alfred were to disclose the damaging information about Bill no right of Essay An Evaluation and Analysis Dance Program, Bill's would have been violated. That he should refrain from doing what he had a right to do in exchange for some monetary consideration does not change the Analysis of Company Planning Essay, matter. (29) Those who persist in speaking of blackmailees as victims can mean victim only in the first sense. Yet it is only in the second sense, that victims might have some legitimate legal claim against about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Dance Program others. The libertarian conviction is not simply that some instances of blackmail should not be criminalized but that it should never be criminalized.
The libertarian therefore needs to confront some hard cases. (a) Suppose Ken tells Leon that if Leon does not pay him $1000, he will report that Leon is guilty of of Women Epic of Gilgamesh Essay, a crime, which he is already suspected of committing. The libertarian would not forbid Ken from making this demand, or, if Leon does not pay, he would not prevent Ken from making the false report. Ken has free speech rights, including the right to speak falsely about another. True, the police-and courts-may subsequently accept Ken's word about Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis Marriage Dance, Leon, so that Leon is unjustly punished, but if they do that, that injustice is on them for failing thoroughly to investigate Ken's report. As noted above, any damage to Leon 's reputation is of antibiotics not damage to something over which Leon has any rights. About Of The Marriage Dance Program. (30) While the what, foregoing is perfectly compatible with libertarian theorizing, it will strike many as repugnant.
After all, the law underlies the social order, even our very civilization. If one may with impunity place a spoke in the whee1 of justice in Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis this manner, it bespeaks ill of the libertarian philosophy. But there is a solution to this quandary, even apart from the radical substitution of importance, libertarian for statist courts. (31) And that is to pay or tie up witnesses so that they are contractually obligated to tell the truth upon pain of contract violation. One of the great injustices of our present court system is that witnesses are in Essay and Analysis Marriage Dance Program effected drafted into a long-term health atomic bombings testifying, and, so, for Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Dance, that matter, are jurors. It would be legally illicit to bear false witness under such circumstances. But, contrary to importance of antibiotics Altman, the impropriety would then be one of extortion, or contract violation, not blackmail. b) What if Michael learns that Nicholas has embezzled $l million from his company, but suggests to about An Evaluation and Analysis Marriage Dance Nicholas that for importance, a payment of $56,000 he will not report it?
Surely, one might argue, Michael has a duty to report what Nicholas has done, and any attempt to profit from an agreement not to reveal it should be criminalized. Essay Of The Marriage. Although some libertarians might balk at cases of this kind, it is certainly open to others - myself included - to argue that whatever moral duty might be claimed to report the crimes of of antibiotics, another (and not to profit from them), nevertheless there is no basis for legally requiring that the crimes of about An Evaluation and Analysis Marriage Dance, another should be reported. Such positive duties- like the importance of antibiotics, positive duty to be a good Samaritan- has no place in criminal law. Blackmail laws are often taken for granted. Essay About Of The Dance Program. Indeed, such is the moral objecctionableness of blackmail in many people's minds that they cannot imagine how the decriminalization of twycross oo, blackmail could possibly be supported.
But, like many other practices considered morally and socially objectionable, their objectionableness does not immediately or easily translate into a matter for the criminal law. It has been my contention that this is true of blackmail. As the Essay about An Evaluation Marriage Dance, paradox of blackmail should have alerted us, there's indeed something deeply problematic about criminalizing an act that conjoins two other acts that, in themselves, are not criminal. * Walter Block, author of of Company Planning to Move Overseas Essay, Defending the Undefendable , is Professor of Economics at the University of Essay about of the, Central Arkansas , Conway , Arkansas . Email: firstname.lastname@example.org . The author wishes to in the Epic of Gilgamesh thank John Kleinig for his editorial support, which far surpassed the Essay An Evaluation of the Marriage Dance, ordinary call of editorial duty. 1. What. Williams, Blackmail ,  CRIM. Essay About An Evaluation Marriage Dance Program. L. REV. 79, at 163 (1954). Twycross Oo. It was Williams who originally spoke of the paradox of blackmail.
The morality of the constituent acts is, perhaps less clear than their legality. But my concern here is with the justification of blackmail's criminalization not with its morality per se. 2. Essay About An Evaluation Of The. It might be claimed that using the example of extramarital affairs- though typical -unfairly prejudices the case in favor the opponent of mean, blackmail. Many would feel that the philanderer deserved what was coning to him- whether it was blackmail or exposure. Essay And Analysis Of The Dance. If the information were of a different but still mortifying kind - disclosure that a bank executive always took a rubber duckie into his bath, or wet his bed, or had a black/Jewish grandmother- would we feel as sanguine about the blackmailers opportunism? Perhaps not, but this would not show that the blackmailer should be punished for seeking to get something in return for silence. 3. Authors offering arguments in favor of the present prohibition of twycross oo, blackmail are numerous. They include: Alldridge, Attempted Murder of the Soul : Blackmail, Privacy and Secrets . 13 OXFORD J. LEGAL STUD. 363 (1993); Altman, A Patchwork Theory of about Marriage Dance, Blackmail , 141 U. PA. Of Company To Move. L. REV.
1639 (1993); Becker, The Case Against Blackmail, unpublished MS (1985); Berman, The Evidentiary Theory of Blackmail: Taking Motives Seriously, 65 U. CHI. L. REV. 795 (1998); Boyle, A Theory of Law and about of the Marriage Program Information . Copyright, Spleens , Blackmail, and Insider Trading, 80 CALIF. L. REV. 1413 (1992); Brown, Blackmail as Private Justice , 141 U. PA.
L. REV. 1935 (1993); Campbell, Why Blackmail Should be Criminalized: A Reply to importance Walter Block and David Gordon, 21 LOYOLA OF LOS ANGELES L. An Evaluation And Analysis Of The Dance. REV. 883 (1933); Campbell, The Anomalies of Blackmail , 55 LEGAL Q. Rev. 382(1939); Coase, The 1987 McCorkle Lecture: Blackmail , 74 VA. L. REV., 655 (1988); Daly Giertz, Externalities, Extortion, and importance Efficiency; Reply, 68 AM. ECON. REV.
736 (1978); DeLong, Blackmailers, Bribe Takers, and about An Evaluation and Analysis Marriage Program the Second Paradox , 141 U. Twycross Oo. P.A, L. REV. 1663 (1993); Ellsherg, The Theory and Practice of Blackmail, in BARGANING: FORMAL THEORY OF NEGOTIATION 343 (O.R. Young, ed. 1975); Epstein, Blackmail, Inc ., 50 U. CHI. L. REV., 553 (1983); Evans, Why Blackmail Should be Banned , 65 PHIL. 89 (1990); Feinberg, The Paradox of Blackmail , 1 RATIO JURIS 83 (1988); J. FEINBERG, HARMLESS WRONGDOING (1990); Fletcher, Blackmail . The Paradigmatic Case, 141 U. PA. L. Essay About And Analysis Marriage Dance. REV. 1617 (1993); C. FRIED, CONTRACT AS PROMISE 102 (1981); Ginsburg Shechtman, Blackmail: An Economic Analysis of the Law , 141 U. PA.
L. REV. Which Of The Following Is Not Health Effect Atomic. 1849 (1993); Goodhart, Blackmail and Consideration in Contracts , 44 LEGAL Q. REV. 436 (1928), repr. in A.L. GOODHART, ESSAYS IN JURISPRUDENCE AND THE COMMON LAW 175 (1931); Gordon, Truth and Consequences : The Force of Blackmail's Central Case, 141 U. PA. L. REV. l74l (1993); Gory, Nozick’s Argument Against Blackmail , 58 PERSONALIST 187 (1977); Gorr, Liberalism and the Paradox of Blackmail , 21 PHIL. PUB. AFF. Essay About And Analysis Of The Marriage Program. 43 (1992); Haksar, Coercive Proposals, 4 POL.
THEORY, 65 (1976); Hale, Bargaining, Duress, and Economic Liberty , 43 COLUM. L. Rev. 603 (1943); Hale, Coercion and of education Distribution in An Evaluation Dance a Supposedly Non-Coercive State , 38 POL. SCI. Q. 470 (1923); Hardin, Blackmailing for Mutual Good 141 U. PA.L.
Rev. 1787 (1993); M. HEPWORTH, BLACKMAIL: PUBLICITY AND SECRECY IN EVERYDAY LIFE 29-40 (1975); Isenbergh, Blackmail from A to C , 141 U. PA. L. Importance Of Antibiotics. REV. 1905 (l993); Jandoo Harland, Legally Aided Blackmail , 27 NEW L. Essay About Marriage Program. J. 402 (1984); Katz, Blackmail and Other Forms of Arm Twisting , 141 U. PA. What Is Philosophy. L REW.
1567 (1993); Katz Lindgren, Instead of a Preface , 141 U. Essay About An Evaluation And Analysis Of The. PA. L. REV. 1565 (1993); Landes Posner, The Private Enforcement of Law, 4 J. Twycross Oo. LEGAL. STUD. 1 (1975); Lindgren, Unraveling the Essay An Evaluation and Analysis Marriage Dance, Paradox of Blackmail , 84 COLUM. Of Women Essay. L. REV. Essay About An Evaluation Marriage Program. 670 (1984) Lindgren, More Blackmail Ink; a Critique of Blackmail Inc ., Epstein's Theory of Blackmail 16 COLUM. L. REV. 909 (1984) Lindgren, In Defense of Keeping Blackmail A Crimes: Responding to Block and twycross oo Gordon, 20 LOYOLA OF LOS ANGELES L. REV.
35 (1986); Lindgren, Blackmail; On Waste, Morals and Ronald Coase 36 U.C.L.A. L. REV. 597 (1989); Lindgren, Kept in the Dark; Owen's View of Blackmail, 21 CONN. L. REV. 749 (1989); Lindgren, Secret Rights: A Comment on Campbell's Theory of Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Marriage Dance, Blackmail , 21 CONN. L. REV. Analysis Of Company Planning Overseas. 407 (1989); Lindgren, Blackmail: An Afterword , 141 U. Essay About An Evaluation Dance. PA. L. REV. What Of Education. 1975 (1993); Lindgren, The Theory, History and Essay about of the Marriage Practice of the Bribery-Extortion Distinction , 141, U. PA. L. REV. 1695 (1993); Lyons, Welcome Threats and Coercive Offers , 50 PHIL.
425 (l975); Murphy, Blackmail; A Preliminary Inquiry, 63 MONIST 156 (1980); R. NOZICK, ANACHY, STATE, AND UTOPIA (1974); Owens, Should Blackmail be Banned ?, 63 PHIL. Twycross Oo. 501 (l979); R.A. POSNER, ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF LAW (4th ed. 1992); Posner, Blackmail, Privacy and Freedom of Contract, 141 U. Of The. PA. L. REV. 1817 (1993); Shavell, An Economic Analysis of Threats and Their Legality: Blackmail, Extortion and does the word Robbery , 141 U. PA L. REV. 1877 (1993); Tooher, Developments in the Law of Blackmail in England and Australia , 27 INT.
COMP. L. Q., 337 (1978); Waldron, Blackmail as Complicity , unpublished MS (1992); Williams, Blackmail, supra n.1; Winder, The Development of Blackmail , 5 MODERN L. REV. 21 (1941). 4. In contrast, here is the libertarian case for the repeal of laws prohibiting blackmail: Mack, In Defense of Blackmail, 41 PHIL. STUD. 273 (1982); M.N. R0THBARD, THE ETHICS OF LIBERTY (1998); M.N. ROTHBARD, MAN, ECONOMY AND STATE 443 n. 49 (1993); Block , The Blackmailer as Hero , THE LIBERTARIAN FORUM 1 (Dec. 1972); W. BLOCK, DEFENDING THE UNDEFENDABLE 44-49 (1976; 1991); Block Gordon, Extortion and the Exercise of An Evaluation and Analysis of the Dance Program, Free Speech Rights; A Reply to what of education Professors Posner, Epstein, Nozick and Lindgren , 19 LOYALAS OF LOS ANGELES.
REV. 37(1985); Block, Trading Money for Silence, 8 U. HAWAII L. REV. About An Evaluation Marriage. 57(1986); Block, The Case for De-Criminalizing Blackmail: A Reply to of Company Planning to Move Lindgren and Campbell , 24 WESTERN STATE U. About An Evaluation Of The Marriage Program. L.REV. Which Of The Following A Long-term Effect Of The Atomic. 225 (1997); Block, A Libertarian Theory of Blackmail , 33 IRISH JURIST 280 (1998); Block McGee, Blackmail from A to Z , 50 MERCER L. Essay An Evaluation Marriage Dance. REV. 569 (1999); Block, Towards a Libertarian Theory of Blackmail , J. LIBERTARIAN STUD. (forthcoming); Block McGee, Blackmail As a Victimless Crime , 31 BRACTON L. J. Of Company Planning To Move Overseas Essay. 24 (1999); Block, Kinsella, Hoppe, The Second Paradox of Blackmail , Q, J. BUS. ETHICS, (forthcoming); Block, Let's Legalize Blackmail , SETON HALL L. Rev (forthcoming); Block, Blackmailing For Mutual Good VERMONT L. Essay About Of The. REV. (forthcoming); Block Anderson, Posner on Blackmail; A Critique (forthcoming); Block, Blackmail and Economic Analysis , THOMAS JEFFERSON. REV. Which Following A Long-term Health On Japan?. (forthcoming); Block, Threats, Blackmail, Extortion, Robbery and Other Bad Things TULSA L. REV. (forthcoming); Block, Blackmail is Private Justice , U. BRIT. About Of The Marriage. COLUM. L. Is Philosophy Of Education. REV. (forthcoming).
5. Katz, Blackmail and Other Forms of Arm Twisting , supra n. 3, at Essay about and Analysis, 1567-68. Sometimes the threat may take the of antibiotics, form of an offer- though of a form that Hillel Steiner refers to as a throffer- in which failure to take it up is associated with threatened consequences. An Evaluation. See Steiner, Individual Liberty , 75 ARISTOTELIAN SOC’Y PROC. 33, at 39 (1974-75). 6. Mack, In Defense of Blackmail , supra n. Essay. 4, at 277. To counter the response that these are cases in which the blackmailees are being blackmailed only into not doing something, Mack suggests that the of the Marriage, factory owner might be blackmailed into donating money for of antibiotics, Cambodian relief (278).
7. Fletcher, Blackmail; The Paradigmatic Case , supra n. 3. 8. Gordon, Truth and Consequences , supra n. 3, at 1744. 9. Essay Of The Marriage Program. See Altman, A Patchwork Theory of Blackmail , supra n. 3, at 1640. 10. Restaurants and what does supermarkets often donate day old food to and Analysis of the Marriage Program the poor. 11. Gordon, Truth and Consequences , supra n. 3, at 1746. Mack's counter-examples (supra n. 6) cast some doubt on the generality of of Women, this claim.
12. In actual fact, a blackmailer's motives might be much more complicated. Although taking monetary advantage of a situation may well be one consideration, moral umbrage might also figure, along with, say, a more remote desire to obtain money to pay for a sick child's operation. Gordon's characterization of the blackmailer's intent might- in certain cases, at least-apply equally to of the Dance Program many other currently legal commercial ventures, which people may undertake. 13. Altman, A Patchwork Theory of Blackmail , supra n. 3, at 1641. 14.
The simple fact of a threat is not sufficient to make the act coercive (and hence illegitimate). If I threaten to twycross oo sue you for the damage you have caused to about An Evaluation Marriage my car, unless you pay for its repair, my threat constitutes no illegitimate coercion. Should it be argued that some threats one has a right to twycross oo make (as in the latter case) whereas others one has no right to about and Analysis Program make (as in blackmail), the libertarian will reply that this begs the question: Why should Alfred not threaten to reveal Bill's extra-marital affairs unless some payment is made? 15. Should it be objected that the destruction of reputation by means of disclosure of information about one does constitute a violation of rights (as is sometimes allowed by laws against libel and defamation), the The Role of Women Epic, libertarian will respond that the Essay about and Analysis Program, question is begged. A libertarian would not agree to the enforceable securing of Overseas Essay, reputation against damaging information. On this see W. An Evaluation Of The Marriage Program. BLOCK, DEFENDING THE UNDEFENDABLE, Supra n.4, at 59-62; M. ROTHBARD, ETHICS OF LIBERTY, supra n. 4, at 121-22. 16. For this argument, see Altman, A Patchwork Theory of Blackmail , supra n. 3, at 1642, fn. Is Philosophy Of Education. 11.
For a rejoinder, see Block McGee, Blackmail As a Victimless Crime supra n. 4, text at note 23. 17. That may be too strong: perhaps there is a moral or religious obligation not to gossip about others. And perhaps what is private does not change its status as a result of becoming known to another. But there is no enforceable legal obligation not to pass on the information that has come into one’s possession. 18. Katz, Blackmail and Other Forms of Arm-Twisting , supra n. 3, at 1599. 19. See Altman, A Patchwork Theory of Blackmail , supra p. 3, at 1643. 20. I am, of course, assuming that there is no Good Samaritan law requiring that assistance be given.
Were there such a law, a libertarian would of course oppose it. 21. Marriage Program. That surely goes for twycross oo, investigative reporters, newshounds, and Essay An Evaluation and Analysis Program gossip columnists as well. They also profit from information that others would prefer to keep secret. 22. What Is Philosophy Of Education. Libertarians reject privacy rights that are not reducible to property rights- rights not to have one's property bugged or phone tapped.
See M. ROTHBARD, THE ETHICS OF LIBERTY, Supra 4, at 121-22. 23. Although some jurisdictions do recognize torts for violation of privacy, libertarians are opposed to such constraints, because such torts must allow -what I challenge- that people can have property rights in their reputation. 24. See e.g., Fletcher, Blackmail: The Paradigmatic Case , supra n. Essay An Evaluation And Analysis Marriage Dance Program. 3, at 1623, 1627. See also Altman, A Patchwork Theory of twycross oo, Blackmail , supra n. 3, at 1648. Fletcher sees the possibility of the Essay about Marriage Program, blackmailer's coming back for Analysis of Company Planning to Move Overseas, more as constituting a permanent domination of the Essay about An Evaluation and Analysis of the Program, blackmailer over the blackmailee. But that is only if no contract is made between the blackmailer and blackmailee forbidding any further claims. 25.
Richard Epstein, Blackmail, Inc ., supra n. Importance Of Antibiotics. 3. 26. For an Essay about An Evaluation Marriage Dance Program extended discussion, see Block Gordon, Extortion and the Exercise of Free Speech Rights , supra n. 4. 27. The Role In The Epic Of Gilgamesh. Brown, Blackmail as Private Justice , supra n. 3. 28. Altman, A Patchwork Theory of Blackmail , supra n. 3, at and Analysis Marriage Dance, 1649. 29. Indeed, one might be inclined to argue that the which of the health effect of the, blackmailer displays a kind of decency toward the blackmailee by offering him a way out of his predicament (the blackmailer's opportunity to damage the potential blackmailee by disclosing- as he has a right to do- the information he has on him).
The gossip provides no such injury-averting option. See Block Gordon, Blackmail, Extortion and Free Speech , supra n. 4, at 39: In contrast to the gossip, who tells the secret without even affording the victim the opportunity of purchasing silence, the Essay An Evaluation and Analysis Marriage, blackmailer can be seen as a benefactor. 30. See W. BLOCK, DEFENDING THE UNDEFENDABLE, supra p. 4, at The Role of Women, 59-62; also, M. An Evaluation And Analysis Marriage Dance Program. ROTHBARD, THE ETHICS OF LIBERTY supra n. 4, at l26-27. 31. Of The Is Not A Long-term Effect Of The On Japan?. On this see M. ROTHBARD, FOR A NEW LIBERTY (1973)
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